• FAO. International Forest Useful resource Evaluation 2020 – Key Findings (FAO, 2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Rasmussen, LV et al. A mix of strategies required to evaluate precise use of ecosystem service supply. ecosystem. Service 17, 75-86 (2016).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Pan, Y. et al. A big and chronic carbon sink on the planet’s forests. Science 333, 988 (2011).

    ADS-CAS Article Google Scholar

  • Gao, J., Tang, XG, Lin, SQ & Bian, HY The influence of land-use change on key ecosystem providers and their relationships in a mountainous area from previous to future (1995–2050). Woods 12, 616 (2021).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Rodríguez-Echeverry, J., Echeverría, C., Oyarzún, C. & Morales, L. Impacts of land-use change on biodiversity and ecosystem providers within the Chilean temperate forests. Panorama Ecol. 33(3), 439-453 (2018).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Hoque, MZ, Islam, I., Ahmed, M., Hasan, SS & Prodhan, FA Spatio-temporal adjustments in land use, land cowl, and ecosystem service values ​​in coastal Bangladesh. Egypt. J. Distant Sens. House Sci. 25(1), 173-180 (2022).

    Google Scholar

  • Costanza, R. et al. Adjustments within the world worth of ecosystem providers. world Neighborhood. Modification 26, 152-158 (2014).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Sil, Â. et al. Evaluation of carbon sequestration and storage dynamics in a altering mountainous panorama in Portugal: insights for administration and planning. worldwide J Biodivers. Science. ecosystem. Handle Service. 13(2), 82-104 (2017).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Xu, Y., Tang, H., Wang, B. & Chen, J. Impacts of land-use depth on ecosystem providers and human well-being: A case examine in Huailai County, China. Neighborhood. Earth. Science. 75(5), 416 (2016).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Liang, Y., Liu, L. & Huang, J. Integration of the SD-CLUE-S and InVEST fashions within the evaluation of carbon storage in oases in Northwest China. PLoS ONE 12(2), e0172494 (2017).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Zhao, M. et al. Assessing the influence of ecological engineering on carbon storage by linking the CA-Markov and InVEST fashions. Ecol. Ind. 98, 29-38 (2019).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Leh, MD, Matlock, MD, Cummings, EC & Nalley, LL Quantifying and mapping change in a number of ecosystem providers in West Africa. agricultural. ecosystem. Neighborhood. 165, 6-18 (2013).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Zhao, Z et al. Evaluation of carbon storage and its influencing elements within the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Sustainability 10(6), 1864 (2018).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Fu, Q. et al. Situation Evaluation of Adjustments and Interactions of Ecosystem Companies in a Mountain-Oasis-Desert System: A Case Research in Altay Prefecture, China. Science. Rep. 8(1), 1-13 (2018).

    ADSGoogle Scholar

  • Li, Z., Cheng, X. & Han, H. Future impacts of land-use change on ecosystem providers below completely different eventualities within the ecological sanctuary, Beijing, China. Woods 11(5), 584 (2020).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Liu H, Xiao W, Li Q, Tian Y & Zhu, J. Spatio-temporal change in a number of ecosystem providers and their driving elements: A case examine in Beijing, China. Woods 13(2), 260 (2022).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Nizami, SM The stock of carbon shares in subtropical forests of Pakistan for reporting below the Kyoto Protocol. J. for. Decision 23(3), 377-384 (2012).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Ghafoor GZ, Sharif F, Khan AU, Shahzad L & Hayyat MU Carbon inventory evaluation of tree biomass in subtropical scrub forest, Soan Valley, Pakistan. house Ecol. Neighborhood. Decision 18(2), 2231-2245 (2020).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Siddiq, Z. et al. Fashions for estimating the above and beneath floor carbon shares of a subtropical scrub forest in Pakistan. world Ecol. preserved 27, e01539 (2021).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Ali, A., Ashraf, MI, Gulzar, S. & Akmal, M. Estimating forest carbon shares in temperate and subtropical mountain programs of Pakistan: Implications for REDD+ and mitigation. Neighborhood. monitor Consider. 192(3), 1-13 (2020).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Mannan, A. et al. Utility of land use/land cowl change in monitoring and forecasting carbon loss from forest biomass in Pakistan. world Ecol. preserved 17, e00535 (2019).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Khan, AU et al. Pilot Initiatives for Restoring Subtropical Shrub Forests: Defining Areas Imposing Adaptive Administration. Neighborhood. monitor Consider. 191(11), 675 (2019).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Mohajane, M. et al. Land Use/Land Cowl (LULC) utilizing Landsat datasets (MSS, TM, ETM+ and OLI) within the Azrou Forest within the Central Center Atlas of Morocco. Environments 5(12), 131 (2018).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Brown, J. NDVI, The premise for remotely sensed phenology. In USGS Distant Sensing Phenology: Vegetation Indices (2015).

  • Liping, C., Yujun, S. & Saeed, S. Monitoring and Predicting Land Use and Land Cowl Change Utilizing Distant Sensing and GIS Strategies – A Case Research of a Hilly Space, Jiangle, China. PLoS ONE 13(7), e0200493 (2018).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Ricke, Okay., Drouet, L., Caldeira, Okay. & Tavoni, M. Social carbon prices on the nation stage. nat. Local weather. Modification 8(10), 895-900 (2018).

    ADS-CAS Article Google Scholar

  • Salehi MH, Beni OH, Harchegani HB, Borujeni IE & Motaghian HR Willpower of soil natural matter by loss on ignition. Pedosphere 21(4), 473-482 (2011).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Tivet, F. et al. Soil carbon stock by moist oxidation and dry burning strategies: Results of land use, soil texture gradients, and pattern depth on the C-equivalent correction issue linear mannequin. soil science. society Am. J. 76(3), 1048-1059 (2012).

    ADS-CAS Article Google Scholar

  • authorities of Punjab. The Punjab Forest (Modification) Act, 2010 (Authorities of Punjab, 2010).

    Google Scholar

  • Kamwi, JM, Kaetsch, C., Graz, FP, Chirwa, P. & Manda, S. Developments in land use and land-cover change within the protected and communal areas of the Zambezi Area, Namibia. Neighborhood. monitor Consider. 189(5), 242 (2017).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Negassa, MD, Mallie, DT & Gemeda, DO Forest cowl change detection utilizing geographic info programs and distant sensing methods: A spatio-temporal examine of the Komto Precedence Forest Conservation Space, East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia. Neighborhood. system Decision 9(1), 1 (2020).

    Article Google Scholar

  • authorities of Punjab. Punjab Growth Statistics 2007. Bureau of Statistics (Authorities of Punjab, 2007).

    Google Scholar

  • authorities of Punjab. Punjab Growth Statistics 2013. Burreau of Statistics (Authorities of Punjab, 2013).

    Google Scholar

  • Authorities of Punjab. Punjab Growth Statistics 2019. Burreau of Statistics (Authorities of Punjab, 2019).

    Google Scholar

  • Dunn, RJH, Stanitski, DM, Gobron, N. & Willett, KM State of the Local weather in 2019: International Local weather. Particular on-line complement to the B. Am. meteorol. society 101(8), p9. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0104.1 (2020).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Grey, SB & Brady, SM Plant improvement responses to local weather change. developer biol. 419(1), 64-77 (2016).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Ghafoor, GZ et al. Impression of local weather warming on seedling progress and biomass accumulation of Acacia modesta and Olea ferruginea in a subtropical scrub forest of Pakistan. Ecoscience 29, 1-14 (2021).

    Google Scholar

  • Bibi, S., Sultana, J., Sultana, H. & Malik, RN Ethnobotanical Makes use of of Medicinal Vegetation within the Soan Valley Highlands, Salt Mountains, Pakistan. J. Ethnopharmacol. 155(1), 352-361 (2014).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Chaudhry, QUZ Local weather Change Profile of Pakistan (Asian Growth Financial institution, 2017).

    Google Scholar

  • Shaheen, H. et al. Evaluation of carbon shares in subtropical forest varieties of the Kashmir Himalayas. bundle J.Bot. 48, 2351-2357 (2016).

    CAS Google Scholar

  • Arunyawat, S. & Shrestha, RP Evaluation of land-use change and its influence on ecosystem providers in northern Thailand. Sustainability 8(8), 768 (2016).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Sing, L., Metzger, MJ, Paterson, JS & Ray, D. A overview of the consequences of forest administration depth on ecosystem providers for northern European temperate forests with a give attention to the UK. To the. worldwide J. for. Decision 91(2), 151-164 (2018).

    Google Scholar