important capabilities

Widespread names: osprey
Latin title: Pandion haliaetus
Space: Through the summer time months, the osprey’s breeding ranges cowl components of Alaska and the northern United States, in addition to all Canadian provinces and territories besides Nunavut. When fall arrives, they migrate to the coasts of the southern United States and Mexico, and the higher half of South America.1
Common lifespan: 15 to 25 years2
Dimension: Size of 54 to 58 cm with a wingspan of 150 to 180 cm, usually weighs 1400 to 2000 g2
inhabitants estimate: 50,000 to 500,000 in Canada1

The details

The osprey is a comparatively giant falcon that lives and hunts close to the water. The osprey has a mixture of white and brown feathers, the underside of its physique and wings are principally white with some tan spots, and the tops of its wings are principally brown. Female and male ospreys look an identical for essentially the most half, with the smaller measurement of females being essentially the most noticeable distinction.2

The osprey is thought for its skill to catch fish. They circle a physique of water looking for a fish to catch, then dive into the water and seize it with their claws. The osprey is sort of distinctive in that it has a reversible outer toe that it makes use of to seize and safe its prey when it emerges from the water. Their dives are usually profitable 25-70% of the time, which is why they eat nearly completely reside fish.2

Whereas they nest in a big tree more often than not, they typically construct their nests on man-made constructions akin to utility poles or duck blinds. In both case, they may select to construct their nest excessive up in a big open space close to water. The feminine lays just one brood of two to 4 eggs per 12 months, which takes a median of 38 days to hatch. After hatching, the younger osprey learns to fly after about 51 to 54 days.3

The historical past

The osprey is taken into account a low threat species of being endangered in Canada. Like many water-loving birds, they confronted a pointy decline of their numbers within the Nineteen Fifties-Nineteen Seventies because of the widespread use of dangerous pesticides like DDT. As well as, they’ve traditionally been at excessive threat of being shot of their wintering grounds in South America. Ospreys typically hunt at aquaculture services in South America and have typically been shot by employees attempting to guard their fish. In the present day, laws for searching osprey are a lot stricter and this, mixed with restrictions on using dangerous pesticides, has resulted in a 200% enhance in osprey numbers in Canada because the Nineteen Seventies. Primarily based on the Breeding Birds Survey, there are an estimated 50,000 to 500,000 people in Canada as we speak.1

What you are able to do

Even though their inhabitants is at present steady in Canada, the osprey is prone to declining inhabitants measurement primarily on account of habitat loss and local weather change. As with many different species of waterfowl, threats to aquatic ecosystems akin to drought and water air pollution can negatively have an effect on fish populations, their essential meals supply, and in flip result in declines of their osprey numbers. As many giant timber have been felled, the osprey is more and more counting on man-made constructions to construct its nests. Sadly, grownup ospreys generally incorporate numerous plastics into their nest, which might wrap round a chick’s foot and injure it. Due to this, they’re among the many species most affected by plastic air pollution. With this in thoughts, Canada has recognized the osprey as a precedence for conservation and administration methods, hoping to keep up its present numbers.1

All in all, combating for the preservation of Canada’s wetlands, lowering single-use plastic, and defending nature normally are nice methods you may assist assist the osprey.

You may also associate with a neighborhood chicken crew in your neighborhood to work towards attaining Bird Pleasant Metropolis certification, or host and attend an upcoming World Migratory Bird Day occasion in your space! You may also attain out to your metropolis council and ask them to hitch cities like Vaughan, Barrie and Vancouver in asserting their assist for World Migratory Bird Day.


1 Canadian Wildlife Service Waterfowl Committee. 2015. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus).

2 The Cornell Laboratory. All about birds, osprey.

3 Audubon. Information to North American Birds, Osprey.